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April 2016

Volume 2 Issue 1

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Short Communication 

Low Percentage of Asylum Seekers Colonized with Multi-Resistant Bacteria Treated at a German Hospital

Stephan Steger, Florian Demetz, Christine Schmidt, Stefan Borgmann

To assess whether asylum seekers show increased colonization risk for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and multi-resistant Gram negative bacteria, approximately 100 patients treated at the hospital in Ingolstadt between February and August 2015 were examined for colonization frequency. Four patients (4.2%) were MRSA positive. Eight patients (8.1%) were colonized by E. coli exhibiting extended spectrum beta-lactamase activity, a percentage similar to that of German ambulatory patients. In summary, the percentage of asylum seekers colonized with multi-resistant bacteria was low eliminating the necessity of general screening measures at hospital admission.

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Research Article

Achievements and Challenges of The Acute Flaccid Paralysis Surveillance in Oman: 2000-2013

Salah T Al Awaidy*

The Ministry of health in Oman routinely collects surveillance data for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as part of polio eradication efforts to detect wild poliovirus infection. We evaluated AFP surveillance system in order to identify any potential components that may require strengthening to reach the eradication goals.

 

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Editorial

Inhibition of Inflammation: A Preventive Approach to Cancer and Other Diseases of Old Age

Ashok K. Vijh*

Cancer is an extremely complex family of related diseases and defies any easy generalizations. Much evidence points to the fact that persistent inflammation within the various organs of the body at the cellular-tissue level is the initial event that leads to a cascade of biochemical transformations that constitute the initiation of not only cancer but also of many other diseases of the old age, such as cardio-vascular diseases, arthritis, Alzheimer’s and other neuro-degenerative phenomena.

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Research Article

Study of Some Gauges of Epidemiologic in Children with Caustic Ingestions That Admitted in Tehran Children Poison Center for Five Years (2015-2010)

Enayatollah Nematkhorasani*, Fariba Mansouri

Caustic injury remains an important public health problem in the United States and the world despite various education and regulatory efforts to reduce its occurrence. In the United States, an estimated 5,000 to 15,000 caustic ingestions occur per year. The age of occurrence of these ingestions shows a bimodal pattern.1 The first peak is seen in children aged 1 to 5 years, with most of these ingestions being accidental, though reports of child abuse have been reported in the literature.

 

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Brief Report

Religious Involvement and Psychological Stress as Predictors of Dental Health

Yung Y. Chen*, Anty Lam

Religious involvement has been linked to many indicators of health, including longevity. Previous research has identified psychological stress as a possible mediator for the positive effects of religion on health. Fewer studies have investigated the potential relationship between these psychosocial factors and dental health.This study examined religious involvement, stress, and dental health in a community sample. Participants included 150 community residents who received dental care as part of the study. Results indicated a significant positive association between religiousness and dental health, and a negative association between stress and dental health. These findings encourage further research on religion, stress, and dental health, as well as possible mechanisms for these associations.

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