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December 2015

Volume 1 Issue 3
Research Article

Epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children of Kinh and Thai Ethics in Dien Bien, Vietnam

Van Bang Nguyen*, Thi Anh Xuan Nguyen, Thi Van Anh Nguyen, Duc Phuc Pham, Thu Ha Hoang, Dac Cam Phung

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection varies among ethnic or racial groups. This study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence and factors associated with H. pylori infection among Thai and Kinh children living in the same natural and social conditions in north-western mountainous region in North-West of Vietnam (Dien Bien province). In this cross-sectional study conducted in 3 communes from Muong Ang district (Dien Bien), information on socio-economic status as well as on health, style and living conditions of individuals and households of 952 children aged from 6 months to 18 years and 1,097 adults from 489 families were collected through household interview. H. pylori infection was determined by ELISA.

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Traffic Safety: Injuries and Fatalities in the US and the World

Greg Chen, Ph.D*

Traffic collisions with ensuing injuries and fatalities cause major human and economic sufferings across the world. About 1.24 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes. The situation is improving gradually overtime. Based on a 2013 study by The International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group (IRTAD), which representing 32 relatively developed countries, traffic fatalities for participating countries in aggregate decreased by 7.9% from 2010. There is a major disparity of traffic fatalities between the rich and poor countries though. About 90% of casualties occur in low- and middle-income countries, although they tend to be less mobilized.

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Review Article 

Effective Public Health Responses in Emerging Infectious Diseases: Lessons from the SARS Outbreak and Implemented in Ebola

Chinelo Orji*, Adeyinka C. Adejumo, Nnaemeka E. Onyeakusi, Olubode A. Olufajo

A preponderance of emerging infectious diseases have been witnessed in previous years. Of these Ebola and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are recent examples that readily come to mind. These rapidly spreading illnesses cross international within short periods, spread in epidemic proportions, causing numerous fatalities. The 2003 SARS outbreak saw an unprepared world make attempts towards controlling its spread. Ironically, some of these strategies have been shown to result in additional health problems.

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Research Article

Acute Mastoiditis in Children: Can We Predict Intracranial Complications?

Bahaa Abu-Raya MD#, Ellen Bamberger MD#, Dan Miron MD,Barak Hanin MD, Yoseph Horovitz MD, Yoav Zahavi MD, Jacob Genizi MD*, Isaac Srugo MD

Acute mastoiditis (AM) is a suppurative infection of the mastoid air cells and is the most common infectious complication of acute otitis media (AOM). The incidence and the microbiology underlying AM are thought to be influenced by the introduction of pneumococcal vaccine as well as the watchful waiting approach with antibiotics for AOM. Despite a decrease in the rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) cultured from middle ear effusion following the widespread use of pneumococcal vaccine, there have been dynamic changes in the incidence of AM in several countries, with an initial decline followed by a recent increase. Moreover, recent studies now demonstrate that Group A Streptococcus is emerging as a significant pathogen in AM.

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