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December 2016

Volume 2 Issue 3

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Review Article
Is There Evidence of Adverse Health Effects Near US Nuclear Installations? Infant Mortality in Coastal Communities near The Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Station in California, 1989-2012

Christopher Busby*

Following the recent cancellation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission proposed study of cancer near nuclear sites in the USA, an attempt is made to investigate the effects of local exposures to radioactive release by employing infant mortality as an indicator of genetic effects of radioactive releases on birth outcomes. Nuclear plants which are built on the coast and which release radioactivity to the environment contaminate the coastal strip. A comparison of official annual infant mortality data for ZIP coded areas near Diablo Canyon nuclear plant adjacent to the sea with those inland for the 25 years from 1989 to 2012 showed a remarkable and statistically significant 28% overall increase in infant mortality rates in the coastal strip group relative to the inland control group.

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Research Article
Children’s Dietary Intake in Child Care Centers by Body Mass, Age, and Sex

Megan Krampe, Susan B. Sisson*, Chelsea L. Smith, Andrea H. Rasbold, Diane Horm, Janis E Campbell, Karina R. Lora, Allen Knehans

In 2011-2012, 23% of young children in the U.S. were considered overweight: 8% were obese. In Oklahoma, 31% of low-income 2-to-5-year-old children were considered overweight, and 14% were obese. Although studies indicate that the increase in child obesity has plateaued, levels remain high, and consequences of childhood obesity pose important health risks. Since many 3-to-6-year-old children (55%) in the U.S. attend child care centers (CCCs) full time (8 hours or more per day), CCCs have an important role in the prevention of obesity and can influence healthy eating and dietary behaviors.

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Research Article
A Preliminary Study of Perception and Coping Mechanism of Breast Cancer Patients in An Iranian City

Ali A. Moqaddas, Fatemeh Adjdari, Akbar Aghajanian*

The life expectancy of women in Iran has increased in recent decades. This trend is contemporary with a growing incidence of breast cancer among women. Casual observation has shown that organized and systematic coping support for women with breast cancer disease has expanded much less than the treatment technology; leaving surviving women in ambiguity and fear of unknown. The analysis of qualitative data from a preliminary study of women in one city confirms the limitation of support for coping with the disease and the aftermath of the technology based treatments.

 

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